Clausewitz on History and Military History To understand On War, to distinguish it from Clausewitz's earlier works, and to differentiate his ideas from those of other theorists, one must understand Clausewitz's evolving attitude towards history.
The Sources of Error in L2 Writing There are several ways to think about error in writing in light of what we know about second language acquisition and what we know about how texts, context and the writing process interact with one another.
We must be aware of the complexities involved in the revision process and respond to writing so that students can make modifications with confidence and competence. Second language writing and second language acquisition.
Writing expertise and second language proficiency. Language Learning, 48, From their research with graduate students, they observe that the students "generated goals for their compositions and engaged in problem solving involving structure and gist as well as verbatim representations" p.
As a result, erroneous predictions about students' learning based on their L1 language and culture have occurred regardless of social factors, such as "the contexts, and purpose of their learning to write, or their age, race, class, gender, education, and prior experience" Raimes,p. The sources available to the historian are, after all, inherently fragmentary.
However, many feel that these studies have also led to reductive, essentializing generalizations about ways of writing and cultural stereotypes about students from certain linguistic backgrounds Fox, ; Leki, ; Spack, Further Information For further information and more discussions about writing a formal analysis, see the following.
According to this perspective, "language proficiency is an ultimately unknowable abstraction that reflects the universal competence of native speakers" p. Bereiter and Scardamalia also propose a model that suggests reasons for differences in writing ability between skilled and less-skilled writers.
Rhetoric and writing are direct outcomes of sociocultural and political contexts; in other words, they are schematic representations of the writer's unique experiences within a particular social milieu. Behaviorist accounts claim that transfer is the cause of errors, whereas from a cognitive perspective, transfer is seen as a resource that the learner actively draws upon in interlanguage development Selinker, Concepts and practice pp.
He chastises the merchant with a decisive swing of the right arm, which forces the entire body into a twist. In using historical sources in this way, Clausewitz insisted that they not be abused.
In order to learn more about L2 writers' use of language in the process of writing, we need to apply to L2 writing the research methods utilized in exploring the composing process in L1 writing, such as think-aloud protocols.
The artwork is defined by her as deep form: Learners' attitudes, motivations, and goals can explain why some L2 writers perform better than others.
Clausewitz's most important technical contribution to the field of military history was his discussion of "critical analysis. We are conscious not only of the actual space displaced by the figure, as in the former piece, but also of the space seeming to emanate from the figure of Mercury.A formal analysis is quite simply an analysis of the forms utilized in the work of art.
It is a close inspection of the artist’s use of aspects such as color, shape, line, mass, and space. Art, philosophy of, the study of the nature of art, including such concepts as interpretation, representation and expression, and joeshammas.com is closely related to aesthetics, the philosophical study of beauty and taste.
Formal analysis is a specific type of visual description. Unlike ekphrasis, it is not meant to evoke the work in the reader’s mind. Instead it is an explanation of visual structure, of the ways in which certain visual elements have been arranged and.
Business writing is a type of professional communication—such as memos, reports, and emails—used to communicate with internal or external audiences.
Formal writing is often used for business and academic work, but considering audience and purpose can help you determine whether formal or informal writing is the appropriate choice.
The elements of art are components or parts of a work of art that can be isolated and defined. They are the building blocks used to create a work of art. The list below describes each element of art.Download